教育不是为了教人谋生,而是教人创造生活

作者:飞雪 来源: 爱写作网iixz.com 阅读: 5
教育不是为了教人谋生,而是教人创造生活

  本文为华东师大心理学教授、上海心理学会基础教育专委会秘书长陈默在华东师范大学关于当今城市独生子女心理特征的演讲文稿。她对当今90后及00后深入骨髓的剖析,这也我迄今为止见过最好的教育文章之一,深刻的反映了当今城市独生子女的7大心理特征。

  现如今的家庭教育之难,难在什么地方?难在我们的教育有太多的悖论和问题需要面对。各位父母,我先问你们一个问题,你了解现在的孩子吗?我在这个问题上很有发言权,因为近20年来,我大概接触了8000个家庭案例。当今的孩子是怎么回事?当今的孩子是什么人?我们要从本质上来把握。假如我们不能从本质上来把握,学校教育也好,家庭教育也好,都不会在点子上。

  从1993年以后孩子们就开始不一样了。为什么这么说呢?理由是1993年中国取缔了粮票,这件事情年纪大的是不是还记得?在中国这样一个国家里面,取缔了粮票意味着什么?我们吃饭不愁了。当一个民族吃饭不愁,尤其是到我们这样的民族吃饭不愁的时候,我们会愁什么呢?我们的需要开始变得不一样了,人对人的需要不一样了,家长对孩子的需要不一样了,社会对人的需要不一样,人对社会的需要不一样了。

  我们来看1993年以后的人的基本特征,首先,他们都是独套公寓里的独子。独套公寓里的独子有什么样的人生感受呢?你可以去试试,到春天的时候,买一只刚刚生出来的小鸡,养着它,给它好吃好喝,你看看是不是两个礼拜以后小鸡就死掉了,因为小鸡也会孤独。现在的孩子带着天生的孤独感来到这个世界。那么孤独会有哪些麻烦?一,人一孤独,无端伤感,莫名其妙流眼泪;二,人一孤独,思考力就变得非常强,所以麻烦就来了,既不思考吃,又不思考穿,他就过早地思考了一个终极问题,最高哲学问题,“我存在有什么意义?”我们现在的孩子,连四岁的孩子就会在那里发呆了,你不知道他小脑袋里想什么。一旦人有这种问题,痛苦就伴随着他了。所以我们教育面对的问题是我们得知道自己的子女是什么人,才可以有方向。

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